About FTS/ Other data sources?
What other data sources are there and how do they differ from FTS?
Individual agency sites and platforms
Many donors, agencies and NGOs have their own aid data platforms, some of which will distinguish humanitarian (or ‘emergency’ or ‘disaster relief’) from wider aid expenditure. Examples include the UK’s Development Tracker, the EU Aid Explorer and the Australian Aid Tracker. These sites and 'trackers', many with data visualization tools, may draw on the donor or agency’s own databases or data aggregated or indexed elsewhere, such as FTS, OECD DAC, Creditor Reporting System (CRS) or the IATI registry.
Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) Development Assistance Committee (DAC)
The OECD DAC manages the official aid statistics and databases. Members of the OECD DAC (28 governments and European institutions) are obliged to report their official development assistance (ODA), which includes humanitarian aid, to strict reporting criteria and strict purpose codes each year. There are two annual release dates for the official statistics.
The OECD also captures other statistics and is reviewing its systems in recognition of the need to capture all resources to meet the SDGs. One measurement and monitoring mechanism being elaborated and finalized for endorsement at the DAC Senior Level Meeting in October 2016 is ‘total official support for sustainable development’ (TOSSD). It is likely to cover: development finance institutions and private sector development; public development finance (including guarantee schemes); export credits; foreign direct investment (FDI); private philanthropy; remittances; and innovative finance for development (including risk mitigation).
National aid management systems (AIMS), platforms (AMPS) and national trackers
Some 50 developing and affected governments have aid management platforms to help them manage aid from development partners. Not all are publicly accessible and the availability, quality, timeliness and comprehensiveness of the data varies. They contain project-level aid commitments, disbursements and activities, and can be broken down or aggregated either by sector or geographic area. They do not usually contain data on humanitarian aid, though some national trackers, including the Information Management and Analysis Support (IMAS) toolkit in Lebanon and Mohinga in Myanmar (which uses a mix of IATI and other data, including FTS).
Strengthening national systems forms part of the efforts around data transparency and monitoring of the effective development cooperation agenda. (See Global Partnership and Busan Partnership for Effective Development Cooperation.)
The IATI registry
The IATI registry is an online catalogue and index of links to all of the raw data published to the IATI Standard – a format and framework for publishing data on development cooperation and humanitarian activities, intended to be used by all organizations in development, including government donors, private sector organizations, and national and international NGOs. (Organizations publish information in an agreed electronic format (XML), usually on their website, before linking it to the IATI registry.) Until late 2015, the IATI Standard focused on development cooperation activities. However, version 2.02, released in December 2015, contains a humanitarian section that is more fit for purpose in terms of the type of data relating to funding for humanitarian programming.